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READ õ Apocalypse: Earthquakes, Archaeology, and the Wrath of God ✓ [PDF / Epub] ☉ Apocalypse: Earthquakes, Archaeology, and the Wrath of God By Join or create book clubs – What if Troy was not destroyed in the epic battle immortalized by Homer What if many legendary cities of the ancieWhat if Archaeology and ePUB #180 Troy was not destroyed in the epic battle immortalized by Homer What if many legendary cities of the ancient world did not meet their ends through war and Apocalypse Earthuakes PDF or conuest as archaeologists and historians believe but in fact were laid waste by a force of nature so catastrophic that religions and legends describe it as the wrath of god Apocalypse Earthuakes Archaeology and ePUB #8608 brings the latest scientific evidence to bear on biblical accounts mythology and the archaeological record to explore how. For anyone interested in history or geology this book is a winner Hugely educational while written for the layman in a very readable and engrossing style the author has filled the pages with a wealth of pictures and other images to illustrate his written text He describes how geologists and archeologists have been at odds with one other for many years and how archeologists have shrugged off the idea that earthuakes may have destroyed famous Biblical and ancient locations instead of other humans But the arguments and the powerful evidence presented by the author for natural phenomena like devastating earthuakes rather than social or political causes are compelling especially in the geological hot zone of the Middle East which is known to be shaken often due to its overlying a continental subduction zone It’s truly fascinating reading and particularly if you have ever studied the Bible or visited the Holy Land you won’t be able to put this book down

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Including Troy Jericho Knossos Mycenae Armageddon Teotihuacán and Petra He reveals what the Bible the Iliad and other writings can tell us about the seismic calamities that may have rocked the ancient world He even explores how earthuakes may have helped preserve the Dead Sea Scrolls As Nur shows recognizing earthuake damage in the shifted foundations and toppled arches of historic ruins is vital today because the scientific record of world earthuake risks is still incomplete Apocalypse explains where and why ancient earthuakes struck and could strike aga. Apocalypse is a well written and fascinating discussion of the role that earthuakes may have played in the Bronze Age history of the Mediterranean and the Middle East Nur is a geophysicist who argues that archaeologists are too ready to reject earthuakes as a cause of the widespread devastation that is sometimes found at ancient sites According to Nur the archaeologist's preferred interpretation is usually that invading armies caused the destructionNur admits that this interpretation may be right in many cases but persuasively argues that archaeologists too often ignore evidence that the real cause of the devastation might have been an earthuake Nur brings a geophysicist's perspective to the archaeologist's world observing that many ancient sites such as Mycenae are affected by significant fault lines that pass directly through ancient ruins sometimes visibly offsetting walls and staircases Others ruins contain the remains of people killed thousands of years ago by collapsing walls or ceilings the skeletons bear the telltale signs of the crushing injuries typical of earthuake victimsNur suggests that some ancient abandonments and migrations might have been triggered by earthuakes For example some of the devastation usually attributed to the mysterious Sea Peoples may have been caused by earthuakes either because the earthuakes caused the destruction outright or because they severely damaged fortifications and killed large numbers of people leaving cities vulnerable to opportunistic invadersArchaeologists have tended to dismiss the earthuake explanation for sometimes widespread devastation in the ancient world because much of it such as the events around 1200BC that preciptated the Greek Dark Ages appears to have happened suddenly over an implausibly wide area for an earthuake But Nur argues that very widespread damage could have been caused by either a single very large earthuake or by an earthuake storm a cascade of earthuakes caused when one uake increases pressure on another fault leading to a series of events Both of these possibilities are fair game from the perspective of a geophysicist and Nur urges that archaeologists should consider the possibility carefully when interpreting ancient sitesNur's book is an enjoyable mix of geology geophysics ancient history geology and forensics but it also contains a warning What happened in the Mediterranean and the Middle East in the ancient world can happen again as it did during the Jericho Earthuake of 1927 If archaeologists and geophysicists can learn from each other they are likely to spot major earthuake hazards that might otherwise be overlooked

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Apocalypse Earthquakes Archaeology and the Wrath of GodAncient and modern earthuakes have shaped history and for some civilizations seemingly heralded Earthuakes Archaeology and the Wrath Kindle the end of the world Archaeologists are trained to seek human causes behind the ruins they study Because of this the subtle clues that indicate earthuake damage are often overlooked or even ignored Amos Nur bridges the gap that for too long has separated archaeology and seismology He examines tantalizing evidence of earthuakes at some of the world's most famous archaeological sites in the Mediterranean and elsewhere. One of the subjects that fascinated me in school and indeed for most of my life has been the topic of archaeology Forget Indiana Jones the real excitement is untangling the clues left by the past and what with the new technology that keeps appearing all of the time the reinterpitation of what we thought were the factsAuthor Amos Nur with Dawn Burgess looks at how geology has affected history and it's the immense changes that an earthuake can unleash on civilization Nur a professor at Stanford University in California takes a closer look at the end of the Bronze Age about 300 500 BCE and comes up with some surprising new theories for why so many civilizations failed in such a short span of timeThe traditional theory is that the eastern Mediterranean was overrun by what was known as the Sea Peoples who looted and burned cities in their wake leaving not much else behind but scorched ruins What skeletal remains have been found have been explained away by war injuries and left at that If the idea of earthuakes causing destruction came up many archaeologists dismissed the notion out of hand saying that it was very unlikely and not very possibleAmos Nur takes a very different track however By using geology archaeology and even biblical legend he gives a provocative new theory that much of the Bronze Age civilizations came to an end by a series of earthuakes and triggered tsunamis To back up his theories he looks at the geological and archaeological record using not just ancient narratives but also modern seismic events such as the tragic 2004 Sumatra earthuake and tsunami the 1923 Kanto earthuake in Japan that ravaged Tokyo and the earthuakes in 1750 Lisbon that destroyed most of the city and created both religious fervour and also may have helped to spur on the Enlightenment Along the way we get to learn about how such widespread disasters have created political upheaval in their wake and how our ancestors may have tried to understand such seemingly random events by viewing them as signs of divine displeasureAs well as the narrative Nur uses charts maps and photographs of various earthuake sites It were the photographs that undid me one was of a young family huddled together found beneath massive ceiling stones that broke my heart and a mute testimony of what happened in a matter of minutes Sidebars are scattered throughout giving some basic information about how earthuake faults work what kind there are; and other topics such as radiocarbon dating and how it works; and finally what is societal collapseWhile the narrative is very dry the subject matter is fascinating I found myself understanding of how earthuakes not only affect the immediate area of destruction but also how they can have a ripple effect across a far wider area While this isn't for the casual reader an interest in or some knowledge of geology or archaeology is really needed to grasp most of what Nur is talking about it's still a fascinating readFour and a half stars rounded up to five Heartily recommended