FREE DOWNLOAD º Failed Crusade: America and the Tragedy of Post-Communist Russia


Failed Crusade America and the Tragedy of Post Communist RussiaD the complicity of US policy in a great human tragedy. I should point out that I'm no expert in Soviet or Russian studies Instead I'm simply a reader interested in international affairs As a long time subscriber to the Nation magazine I know Cohen as one of those rarest of birds a scholarly observer of Soviet Russian affairs with no particular ideological axe to grind Conseuently I trust his experience to provide a reasonably accurate examination of post communist Russia particularly vis à vis the US Of course American scholarship has long been tainted by its own brand of anti communist political correctness Thus I count Cohen's contributions as a particularly valuable resourceHis general thesis here is pretty straightforward US policy botched post Soviet Russia by trying to remake the economy abruptly in America's free market image This was attempted through a series of shock treatments intended to convert the formerly statist economy to a capitalist one Basically the policy failed because it took no account of Russia's realities either historical economic or sociological In short it was a crash program blindly imposed the conseuences of which are still sorting out Yeltsin and a coterie of advisors such as Anatoly Chubais stand as principal culprits in the debacle Naturally Cohen follows the course of events in detail many of which are reprinted from Nation articles of the 1990's along with later observations from year 2000 Thus Part II the book's backbone is not so much an historical narrative as it is a chronology of his observations on developments as they occurred along with the later update Just how satisfying the reader finds this format is up to the readerMy edition is the Updated one; however none of the contents appear dated any later than year 2000 Thus readers looking for contemporary commentary should probably look elsewhere Nonetheless Cohen's observations remain I believe as valid now as they were then and perhaps tell us as much about our own foreign policy establishment as they do about Russia's so called transition period

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FREE DOWNLOAD º Failed Crusade: America and the Tragedy of Post-Communist Russia Ë ➾ [Download] ➾ Failed Crusade: America and the Tragedy of Post-Communist Russia By Stephen F Cohen ➳ – Reveals what really happened in Russia following the breakup of the SovieReveals what really happened America and PDFEPUB #191. I am reading Cohen for the first time and am delighted to learn that his original thesis on the economic woes of Post 1989 Russia is still relevant today As a well respected Russian transitionologist Cohen makes a very good case for believing that the new Russia of the 1990s was essentially abandoned by the West as it struggled to democratize and develop a market economy free of state controls Evidence clearly points to nations like the US failing to provide meaningful and generous assistance to take Russia through a decade when the bottom fell out of the economy Western leaders like Bush Clinton and Blair at best provided the 'blueprints' for establishing capitalism without the means to make it happenThis attitude was born out of an ideological prejudice and ignorance as to what Russia needed to stabilize its currency and improve its productivity The West deserted Gorbachev's leadership because he was seen as an old cold war warrior of a Marxist persuasion who couldn't implement capitalism Instead they backed the corrupt Yeltsin and his cronies as the best and cheapest way to modernizing Russia Shock the nation into wanting reform so the argument went What the IMF didn't appreciate was that Russia even with its eighty years of Marxism was essentially a state controlled system with limited democratic institutions What transpired from this period of indifference and lost opportunities was a wild west atmosphere where unemployment skyrocketed GDP tanked and lawlessness grew The conseuence of western shortsightedness is the rise of Putin in response to public concern about the bad times What exists since 2001 is a reversion to statism where monopolistic despotism rules and the West especially the US is increasingly seen as the enemy The 21st century is now being seen as the time when Russia is starting to renew old ties within the framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States starting with Ukraine Our response has been basically to turn up the heat with talk of expanding NATO to the east What began as a golden opportunity to bring Russia in from the cold has turned into one unmitigated disaster and Putin isn't necessarily the culprit

Stephen F Cohen ☆ 1 FREE DOWNLOAD

In Russia following the breakup of the Soviet Union an. Stephen Cohen's Failed Crusade 2000 is a vigorous critiue of the United States policy towards Russia in the 1990's In Cohen's view the ostensible aim of that policy was to turn Russia into a free market economy overnight termed shock therapy it was entirely shocking and far from being therapeutic that was happy to play second fiddle to US power at the global level and even within its own region That aim was completely unrealistic shock therapy if not designed to fail a viewpoint Cohen flirts with on a couple of occasions before moving smartly on was an utterly unrealistic way of reforming the Russian economy in the post Soviet era The ensuing poverty and misery effected over three uarters of the population brought millions to early graves and devestated Russia's industrial capacity public services and social fabric during the period Cohen reviewsThe book is structured into three parts The first is an extended essay that thoroughly debunks the simplistic notions of Russia and reform that became the accepted wisdom of the majority of journalists academics and politicians This fine debunking is marred by Cohens habit of referring to those he's uoting as a prominent journalist or a notable historian and leaving their actual names the usual crowd Thomas Friedman Jeffrey Sachs John Lloyd etc languishing in the end notesThe second part is a collection of short articles Cohen wrote during the 1990's There is a degree of overlap between them but its hardly fatal Each article is coupled with a postscript commenting on how the issues written about developed up to the date of publication The final part is Cohens ideas for how the United States should work with the Russians namely to stop supporting the shock therapists neo liberal cum kleptocratic destruction of the economy and allow the Russians themselves to decide how to develop Additionally they should provide fiscal support for them to do so as well as to safely manage their nuclear weapons and power stations These words were wasted on the soon to be president George W Bush but provide an idea of how a constructive rational policy vis a vis Russia could have been shaped Perhaps Cohen is being naive to think such a policy was ever going to be possibleCohen writes clearly convincingly and with real feeling in this damning indictement of US policy towards Russia in the 90's and the tawdry intellectual climate that sustained and celebrated it He makes it clear that what in fact was being celebrated was the de development of an industrial nation the mass impoverishment of its people and the dashing of their democratic hopes It is well worth reading as is Jonathan Steele's Eternal Russia which covers the history of the Gorbachev years and the early Yeltsin years